Hash oil is a concentrated cannabis extract that can be smoked, vaped, eaten, or rubbed onto the skin. The use of hash oil is sometimes called “dabbing” or “burning.”
Hash oil comes from cannabis plants and contains THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol), the same active ingredient as other marijuana products.
But hash oil is more potent, containing up to 90 percent Trusted Source THC. By contrast, in other cannabis plant products, the average THC level is approximately 12 percent Trusted Source.
Benefits of Hash Oil
The potential benefits of this cannabis extract are similar to those associated with marijuana. This oil may trigger a sense of euphoria and help to treat nausea, pain, and inflammation.
Since this oil is more potent than other forms of marijuana, its effects tend to be stronger as well. As a result, it may provide greater symptom relief for people who use marijuana to treat medical conditions, such as chronic pain or cancer.
Side effects of Hash Oil
The side effects of this oil are similar to those associated with marijuana. However, since hash oil is more potent than marijuana plant products, the side effects may be more severe.
Short-term side effects may include:
- altered perception
- changes in mood
- impaired movement
- impaired cognition
- impaired memory
- dizziness and fainting
- anxiety and paranoia
- cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS)
Uses of Hash Oil
There are a variety of ways people use this cannabis extract .
Dabbing refers to the use of a special pipe to heat and vaporize hash oil. Sometimes called an “oil rig” or a “rig,” this apparatus consists of a water pipe with a hollow “nail” that fits into the pipe’s gauge. Alternatively, some people use a small metal plate called a “swing.”
The nail or swing is typically heated with a small blowtorch before a small amount of hash oil is applied to its surface with a dabber. With the heat, the cannabis extract vaporizes and is inhaled through the pipe, and it’s usually inhaled in a single breath.
This method is more dangerous than other methods because of the blowtorch, which poses a risk of burns.
This oil can also be smoked, vaporized, ingested, or applied to the skin.
Hash oil, and especially illegal ones, poses unique risks. Some of these include:
Safety. There are few studies available documenting the risks of hash oil. As a result, we don’t know for sure whether it’s actually safe to use, and if so, how often and at what dose.
Potency. Hash oil is four to five times more potent than regular marijuana. As a result, it may be more likely to cause a strong high and undesirable side effects, especially among first-time users.
Tolerance. Since hash oil contains so much THC, it could increase your tolerance to regular marijuana.
Burn risk. Dabbing involves the use of a small blowtorch. Using a blowtorch, especially when you are high, could result in burns.
Chemical impurities. Illegal hash oil is unregulated, and may contain dangerous levels of butane or other chemicals.
Lung injuries. A 2019 case study Trusted Source suggested a potential link between the use of a dabbing apparatus and lung symptoms similar to those of pneumonia.
Cancer risk. A 2017 study reported that the vapors produced by dabbing contain carcinogenic substances.